What is Hair Transplantation?
Due to the stress of our time and genetic factors, hair loss occurs. Hair transplant, which does not have a long history, is a cure for people suffering from baldness in certain regions. In Hair transplantation, hair is transferred from chest, arm and most of the back parts of the head to the bald areas of the head. Patients complain that they experience hair loss from the upper part of the head. This is due to genetic predisposition and stress. So who needs hair transplantation? Planting is performed for those who have scars, scars that do not pass due to burning, male pattern hair loss and local hair losses.
How is Hair Transplantation Done?
Hair transplantation is performed with roots taken beforehand with an operation that takes 4-8 hours on the bald areas. A blood test is carried out before planting to determine whether there are any factors that may compromise the patients’ health. The blood taken in a short time and is sent to the test where it is passed through controls such as blood clotting, virus test and diabetic level.
The patient is then required to sign a mandatory confirmation sheet to perform the hair transplantation. Here the patient should tell about the vitamins, medicines, illness and everything that he/she takes.
Most people go to hair for planting after having a haircut. However, for the most accurate diagnosis, it would be right to go without getting a haircut. In this process, both visual diagnosis and the extent to which the hair follicle is to be taken and whether the donor area will remain open are the factors that are examined. The ideal hair length is set to 1. A line is then determined according to your face shape and hair type. During the planning, how much tissue will be taken, how many roots will be planted and planting technique are determined. This prevents damage to other hair follicles. Hair transplantation is quite risk-free today but it has an operation time of 4-8 hours. After local anaesthesia, the patient can eat snack food, watch TV or listen to music during this period. During the application of anaesthesia, the doctors have the patient lie face down. The patients feel a very slight pain, but it ceases immediately after.
Methods of Hair Transplantation
Today, the most widely used hair transplantation method is FUE. This technique describes how to use the grafts. In the Manual-Punch FUE method, the hair follicle is opened with the help of needles and taken with a tool similar to tweezers. This method is done manually. However, since this method is quite tiring, Micro motor method is preferred. In this method, the hair follicles are collected by an electrical device according to a certain speed.
Once the hair follicles are removed, they are stored in glass cases for preparation for hair transplantation. It is then cooled to a certain degree to prevent damage to the roots and freed of unnecessary tissues such as skin and fat afterwards. After the samples are taken from the donor region, the bandage is closed. The collection of grafts takes approximately 3 hours. Local anaesthesia can be re-performed when it is not considered sufficient, i.e. when the patient starts feeling pain again. But people are interested in whether they look more natural than how hair transplantation is done.
The most natural appearance is achieved by paying attention to the angle, depth and direction of the hair transplantation. 30 degrees to the forehead region, 45 degrees to the temporal regions and 60 degrees to the top regions are applied. Thus, it gets easier to shape the hair as it also has a natural appearance. If hair transplantation is not performed at suitable angles, a “grass head” appearance might be caused. The last step in hair transplantation is the placement of the roots which were kept in glass cases. 1-2 hours on average for the procedure is sufficient. Since the roots are new and sensitive, this area should be kept open and carefully protected. At the doctor’s advice, mild washing with special medicines is performed. After the operation, the regions encrust and then a week later they begin to shed. When the third month is reached after the operation, the transplanted hair begins to shed. After the sixth month, the hair begins to grow again and after approximately 1 year, the patient has a fully grown hair.